I read this story with great interest and it states that the Police Organization in the Authors mind began after communes of the working class decided they’d like to take care of themselves and after a lot of crime took place in New York, South Carolina and Philadelphia, it’s a good story. I was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and I was a Magistrate and now I am Marshal and I agreed Philadelphia way back then had a great system of courts where if you had a problem with your neighbor you could pay the church to help you resolve it. I understand the Organized Police to have a System of enslavement that was spoke of that involves Slavery as the Author points out that Slavery existed in New York City until about 1829 as it did it was brought back to Albemarle, County in 1808. What kind of Slavery am I talking about you might be thinking and well it probably is the kind where your set to work at hard labor as a farmer for bread and water and beat when you’re bad and the most interesting part about all of it is is it seemed to work at keeping the United States of America together from Massachusettes to South Carolina up until the death of the United States Supreme Court just prior the the American Civil War of 1861 – 1865 proving that there is a need for a county system of government and a Marshal to travel between the two extremes of City and County Politics to try to find reasonable solutions to difficult problems and I believe that the Marshal is probably the one they mean when they say “The Philadelphian” as a sort of mythical Pheonix, of sorts.
The Five Points district of lower Manhattan, painted by George Catlin in 1827. New York’s first free Black settlement, Five Points was also a destination for Irish immigrants and a focal point for the stormy collective life of the new working class. Cops were invented to gain control over neighborhoods and populations like this.
In England and the United States, the police were invented within the space of just a few decades—roughly from 1825 to 1855.
The new institution was not a response to an increase in crime, and it really didn’t lead to new methods for dealing with crime. The most common way for authorities to solve a crime, before and since the invention of police, has been for someone to tell them who did it.
Besides, crime has to do with the acts of individuals, and the ruling elites who invented the police were responding to challenges posed by collective…
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